Hawaii expat living abroad in Australia, food and family blog

Top five things to know before traveling to Australia

Top five things to know before traveling to Australia

This page provides a list of top five things to know before traveling to Australia. It covers important topics such as visa requirements, weather, culture and etiquette, transportation, and wildlife. It is a helpful guide for travelers who are planning a trip to Australia and want to be well-prepared for their journey.

Visa Requirements

Visitors to Australia generally require a visa, so it’s important to check with the Australian Government’s Department of Home Affairs to determine the visa requirements for your specific situation.

Visa requirements for visitors depend on several factors, including the traveler’s nationality, purpose of visit, and length of stay. In general most visitors will need to obtain a visa before arriving in Australia. There are several types of visas available, including tourist visas, work visas, and student visas. The Australian Government’s Department of Home Affairs website provides detailed information on visa requirements and the application process for each type of visa.

photo of man surfing on ocean waves
Photo by Larry Snickers on Pexels.com


The weather in Australia varies depending on the region and season, so make sure to research the weather patterns for the area you’ll be visiting and pack accordingly.

Australia experiences four seasons, with temperatures ranging from hot and dry in the summer months (December-February) to cool and wet in the winter months (June-August). However, the weather patterns can vary greatly depending on the region of the country you are visiting. For example, the northern regions of Australia experience tropical weather with high humidity, while the southern regions have a more temperate climate with cooler temperatures. It is important to research the weather patterns for the area you will be visiting and pack accordingly, especially if you plan to visit during the summer when temperatures can soar, or during the winter months when it can get quite chilly in some areas.

Australia is also located closer to the South Pole, where the ozone layer is thinner than in other parts of the world. In addition, there is a naturally occurring weather pattern over Antarctica called the “polar vortex,” which can cause the depletion of the ozone layer in the southern hemisphere, including over Australia. This phenomenon is known as the “ozone hole,” and it occurs mainly during the southern hemisphere spring (September-November). Be sure to pack your sunscreen, hat and coverings, especially during the spring and summer months!

Culture and Etiquette

Australians are generally friendly and casual, but there are some cultural norms and etiquette rules you should be aware of to avoid offending anyone.

Australian culture is very laid-back and friendly, and visitors to the country are generally welcomed with warmth and hospitality. Australians are known for their casual dress and informal demeanor, so it’s important for visitors to adapt to the relaxed and easy-going atmosphere. When meeting someone for the first time, a simple “hello” or “G’day” is sufficient, and a friendly handshake is the standard greeting. It’s also important to respect the local culture and customs, including Indigenous culture and traditions. Tipping is not mandatory in Australia, but it is appreciated for exceptional service.

photo of a kangaroo on road
Photo by Sabel Blanco on Pexels.com


Australia is a vast country, and getting around can be a challenge. Be sure to research transportation options in advance, including domestic flights, trains, buses, and car rentals.

The size of Australia is really only slightly smaller then the continental USA (USA is approx. 9,833,517 sq km, and Australia approx. 7,741,220 sq km, making Australia 78.72% the size of United States). Cars drive on the left-hand side of the road (opposite the the USA).

Read my tips on driving on the opposite side of the road here

There are several options available for getting around, depending on your budget and itinerary. Domestic flights are a popular option for traveling between major cities, with several airlines offering regular flights between destinations. Trains are also available, with long-distance services such as the Indian Pacific, The Ghan, and the Spirit of Queensland offering scenic journeys across the country. Buses and coaches are another option for traveling between cities and towns, with Greyhound Australia being the largest provider. Car rentals are also available, and they offer more flexibility for exploring rural areas and national parks. Additionally, public transport such as buses and trains are widely available in major cities, with options such as trams, ferries, and taxis also available in some areas.


Australia is home to some unique and often dangerous wildlife, so it’s important to be aware of the potential dangers and take precautions when exploring nature.

The wildlife of Australia is known for its unique and diverse range of species, many of which are not found anywhere else in the world. Some of the most iconic Australian animals include kangaroos, koalas, wombats, wallabies, echidnas, and platypuses. Australia is also home to a wide range of bird species, including kookaburras, emus, and cockatoos.

Visitors should also be aware that many Australian animals can be dangerous, such as snakes, spiders, and crocodiles. It’s important to take caution when encountering wildlife and to follow any safety guidelines provided by local authorities. Conservation efforts are also an important aspect of Australian wildlife management, with many organizations working to protect endangered species and preserve natural habitats. Visitors to Australia can experience the country’s unique wildlife through national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, with guided tours and educational programs available to learn more about these amazing creatures.

close up photo of sleeping koala
Photo by Asko on Pexels.com

Australia is a vast and beautiful country to visit and live. With so much diversity there is truly something for everyone!